The Environment Cluster agreed, during Consultation-Workshop of NGOs on Environment, to contribute to Philippine Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan (2015-2028).


Biodiversity is restored and rehabilitated, valued, effectively managed and secured, maintaining ecosystem services to sustain healthy, resilient Filipino communities and delivering benefits to all.

Key Result Areas

1. Addressing Drivers

a. By 2028, there will be a 10% increase in agricultural areas devoted to all types of biodiversity-friendly agriculture

  • Number and area of farms practicing biodiversity-friendly agriculture in the Philippines

b. By 2028, capacity for biodiversity conservation of public and private sector groups in terrestrial and marine PAs/KBAs will be strengthened

  • Proportion of PA management structures with high management effectiveness assessment scores
  • Number of private companies, POs/NGOs, communities involved in biodiversity conservation

c. By 2028, 50% of LGUs will have formulated and adopted the enhanced CLUP using revised HLURB framework

  • Number of LGUs with enhanced CLUPs based on revised HLURB framework

d. By 2028, 1 million ha of degraded ecosystems will be restored and/or will be under various stages of restoration

  • Number of ha of degraded ecosystems placed under restoration programs

e. By 2020, relevant biodiversity conservation policies to address existing gaps are in place

  • Number of RA, EO, implementing rules and regulations (IRR), DAO, Memorandum Circular, local ordinances, policy review/studies enforced or implemented

f. By 2028, there will be a 10% annual increase from the 2015 baseline in the number of schools, POs, media organizations, LGU, private companies, policy makers, government offices that are aware and supportive of biodiversity, its importance, threats and benefits of protecting it

  • Number of RA, EO, implementing rules and regulations (IRR), DAO, Memorandum Circular, local ordinances, policy review/studies enforced or implemented
2. Reducing Threats

a. By 2028, the key threats to biodiversity will be reduced, controlled or managed

  • Number of IAS hotspots
  • Number of coastal and fresh surface water systems in KBAs that pass the minimum criteria for water quality under the provisions of DAOs 34 and 35
  • Number of agricultural, including fisheries, expansion hotspots in KBAs
  • Number of energy production and mining hotspots that source raw materials from sustainable sources
  • Number of illegal cutting of trees hotspots
  • Number of illegal logging hotspots
  • Number of hotspots for hunting and poaching of wildlife
  • Number of hotspots of illegal fishing practices
  • Number of hotspots for residential and commercial development in KBAs
3. Improving Biodiversity Status

a. By 2028 there will be no net loss in natural forest cover

  • Area of land covered in natural forests (closed, open and mixed forests based on National Mapping Resource and Information Authority land cover classification)

b. By 2028, there will be no net loss in presence and area distribution of live coral cover, mangrove and seagrasses

  • Presence and area distribution of live corals, mangroves and seagrasses and their conditon
4. Enhancing Ecosystem Services

a. By 2028, as result of improved conservation, ecosystem services provided by key biodiversity areas will be enhanced

  • Amount of estimated carbon stocks in forest areas in the Philippines
  • Number of irrigation systems and water systems for domestic use that are sourced from KBAs and volume and quality of water from these sources
  • Number of sites in KBAs that serve as ecotourism destinations
  • Number of IP communities with identified sacred places and/or ICCAs within KBAs

b. By 2028, fish stocks of economically important species will be maintained

  • Abundance and biomass of fish species recorded in national stock assessments and other local stock assessment initiatives
5. Improving Human Well-being

a. By 2028, there will be an annual increase of at least 5% in biodiversity conservation related jobs (ecotourism, sustainable agriculture, ecosystem restoration)

  • Number of people employed in biodiversity conservation-related jobs annually

Lead Organization

77 Matahimik St. Diliman, Quezon City

+632 927-2186

Committee Members